Miso Ramen Broth: The Secret Behind Japan’s Iconic Noodle Dish

zenDine
6 min readDec 19, 2023
A steaming bowl of miso ramen with noodles

Introduction to Miso Ramen

Ramen is one of Japan’s most iconic dishes, loved around the world for its tasty noodles in a flavored broth. Miso ramen is a popular variation that features a hearty miso-infused broth that is creamy, savory, and totally crave-worthy. But what exactly makes miso ramen broth so special? The distinctive flavor can be attributed to a few key ingredients and techniques.

Brief History of Ramen

While ramen originated in China, it evolved into a unique Japanese noodle soup dish. Chinese lamian noodles were first introduced to Japan in the late 19th century. Vendors began selling ramen from food carts to laborers and students. After World War II, ramen shops proliferated and expanded across Japan, cementing it as a national dish.

Each shop developed its own distinctive style and broth. Miso ramen first emerged in the mid 1900s when chefs started experimenting with miso flavors in ramen broth. The hearty, full-bodied flavor profile quickly became popular. Over decades, miso ramen was perfected and spread through Japan and eventually the world.

Exploring Authentic Miso Ramen Broth

Vintage photo of early ramen vendors in Japan serving customers

Authentic miso ramen broth is an important component of Japanese cuisine. This flavorful broth has been a staple of Japanese culture for centuries, and understanding its origins and history is an essential part of appreciating the dish.

The roots of miso ramen broth can be traced back to Hokkaido, the northernmost island of Japan. In the early 20th century, Chinese cuisine was introduced to Hokkaido, and locals began to incorporate Chinese-style noodles into their dishes. Over time, Japanese chefs developed their unique spin on the dish, and miso ramen broth was born.

The broth’s base is made from soybean paste, which is combined with other ingredients such as sake, mirin, and dashi. The precise combination of ingredients varies from region to region, and each chef has their unique way of creating the perfect flavor.

One key ingredient found in authentic miso ramen broth is Katsuobushi, a type of dried and fermented skipjack tuna. This ingredient adds an umami-rich flavor to the broth, which complements the bold taste of the soybean paste. Another essential component is kombu, a type of edible kelp that is used to create dashi, a Japanese soup stock.

Today, miso ramen broth can be found in ramen shops all over Japan, and it has become a global culinary phenomenon. Its rich history and unique flavor make it a dish that people from all over the world come to Japan to experience.

What Makes Miso Ramen Broth So Flavorful

Close up of miso paste and traditional Japanese ingredients used in ramen broth

The rich, savory flavor of miso ramen begins with the broth, which gets its signature taste from two key components:

Miso Paste

Miso paste, made from fermented soybeans, is what gives the broth its distinctive Japanese flavor. It has a salty yet sweet, nutty, and tangy flavor profile. Miso paste also provides thickness and richness to balance out the lighter, clear dashi broth.

There are many types of miso used in Japan, which vary in color, flavor, sweetness, and texture:

  • White (shiro) miso — made with mostly rice, it is sweet and mild.
  • Red (aka) miso — fermented longer, bolder flavor.
  • Mixed (awase) miso — balanced blend of red and white.

For ramen, the red or mixed miso are often preferred since they provide a more robust, complex flavor that stands up to the broth. The shiro white miso is often too delicate.

Dashi Stock

The other essential component of miso ramen broth is dashi, the rich Japanese stock that forms the base. Dashi is made by simmering dried ingredients like kelp (kombu), bonito flakes (katsuobushi), and dried fish (niboshi) to extract savory umami flavors.

When the miso paste is later added to the dashi, it provides a flavor boost and melds into a cohesive, aromatic broth. The dashi also prevents the miso from becoming too overpowering.

There are two main types of dashi:

  • Kombu dashi — made from dried kelp (kombu). More subtle flavor.
  • Katsuobushi dashi — shavings of dried, fermented skipjack tuna. Stronger flavor.

For miso ramen, katsuobushi dashi is common since it stands up better to the miso. But kombu dashi provides an elegant, purer dashi flavor that highlights the miso.

Steps for Making Miso Ramen Broth

Step by step preparation of miso ramen broth from simmering dashi to adding-miso-paste

While ramen shop broths are complex, you can create flavorful miso broth at home with a few simple steps:

Step 1 — Make the Dashi

Simmer kombu and katsuobushi or bonito flakes for at least 15–20 minutes to extract flavors. Strain the solids out.

Step 2 — Add the Miso

Add miso paste and whisk until fully dissolved into the hot dashi. Red or mixed miso are good options.

Step 3 — Simmer the Broth

Gently simmer the combined broth for 15–20 minutes. This allows the flavors to marry without boiling off delicate aromas.

Step 4 — Finish and Adjust Broth

Taste and adjust flavor as needed with soy sauce, mirin, sake, or salt. Add any last flavorings like garlic, ginger, sesame oil, chili paste, or bonito flakes.

Tips and Tricks for the Best Miso Ramen Broth

Follow these tips to make the most flavorful, authentic miso ramen broth at home:

Use an equal 1:1 ratio of miso to dashi as a starting point. Adjust to taste.

Add miso paste only at the end to preserve its flavor during cooking.

Simmer the broth gently — boiling can make miso taste bitter.

Whisk the miso very well until fully dissolved into the dashi with no clumps.

Use good quality miso such as Sendai miso or Hatcho miso for best flavor.

Garnish bowls of ramen with sliced scallions, nori seaweed, corn kernels, ground pork, ramen egg, or chili oil.

Make and refrigerate broth in advance so flavors can continue developing.

Use fish broth instead of water when making the dashi for richer flavor.

Experiment with additions like mushrooms, garlic, ginger, or chicken bones for variation.

Where to Try Authentic Miso Ramen in Japan

Miso ramen can be found across Japan, but certain cities and regions are especially renowned for their versions:

Sapporo, Hokkaido

Sapporo offers lighter, milder miso ramen featuring chicken and fish broths.

Tokyo

As Japan’s ramen epicenter, Tokyo has endless top-notch miso ramen shops. Favorites include Mukan, Ramen-ya Shima, Ramen FeeL. Be sure to check out our guide on Traveler’s Must-Visit: Tokyo Ramen Shops Favored by Locals for the top local picks.

Kyoto

Kyoto’s delicate, subtle miso ramen broths reflect the city’s cuisine. Check out Hiryu Ramen for exceptional bowl of ramen

Nagoya

Nagoya is known for its rich, thick miso ramen broth. Don’t miss our recommendations in Traveler’s Must-Visit: Nagoya Ramen Spots Favored by Locals.

Fukuoka, Kyushu

This southern island is famous for tonkotsu ramen, but also offers up incredible miso ramen.

Osaka

Osaka’s bold, intense miso ramen matches the city’s vibrant food culture.

With its wide regional diversity, Japan offers endless opportunities to slurp up amazing miso ramen. From mild and delicate to intense and rich, you can find your perfect bowl!

Conclusion

Miso ramen has rightfully earned its place as one of Japan’s most beloved and iconic noodle dishes. The complex, savory miso broth is the heart of the dish, relying on quality miso paste and dashi stock to create its signature flavor profile. Use premium ingredients and proper cooking techniques to unlock the rich, aromatic flavors of homemade miso ramen broth. With so many regional styles, part of the joy is discovering your perfect bowl, whether on your travels in Japan or cooking at home. Whatever your preference — delicate, robust, or something in between — miso ramen is a comforting noodle soup like no other.

Originally published at https://zendine.co.

--

--

zenDine

zenDine is a restaurant discovery platform that serves the needs of foreign residents, travelers in Japan and restaurant partners. https://zendine.co